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MPI_Startall(3) man page (version 1.8.8)

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MPI_Startall - Starts a collection of requests.


C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Startall(int count, MPI_Request array_of_requests[])

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE ’mpif.h’

C++ Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
static void Prequest::Startall(int count, Prequest array_of_requests[])

Input Parameter

List length (integer).

Input/Output Parameter

Array of requests (array of handle).

Output Parameter

Fortran only: Error status (integer).


Starts all communications associated with requests in array_of_requests. A call to MPI_Startall(count, array_of_requests) has the same effect as calls to MPI_Start (&array_of_requests[i]), executed for i=0 ,..., count-1, in some arbitrary order.

A communication started with a call to MPI_Start or MPI_Startall is completed by a call to MPI_Wait, MPI_Test, or one of the derived functions MPI_Waitany, MPI_Testany, MPI_Waitall, MPI_Testall, MPI_Waitsome, MPI_Testsome (these are described in Section 3.7.5 of the MPI-1 Standard, "Multiple Completions"). The request becomes inactive after successful completion by such a call. The request is not deallocated, and it can be activated anew by another MPI_Start or MPI_Startall call.

A persistent request is deallocated by a call to MPI_Request_free (see Section 3.7.3 of the MPI-1 Standard, "Communication Completion").

The call to MPI_Request_free can occur at any point in the program after the persistent request was created. However, the request will be deallocated only after it becomes inactive. Active receive requests should not be freed. Otherwise, it will not be possible to check that the receive has completed. It is preferable, in general, to free requests when they are inactive. If this rule is followed, then the persistent communication request functions will be invoked in a sequence of the form,

Create (Start Complete)* Free

where * indicates zero or more repetitions. If the same communication object is used in several concurrent threads, it is the user’s responsibility to coordinate calls so that the correct sequence is obeyed.

A send operation initiated with MPI_Start can be matched with any receive operation and, likewise, a receive operation initiated with MPI_Start can receive messages generated by any send operation.


Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI::Exception object.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See Also



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