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MPI_Win_allocate(3) man page (version 4.0.6)

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Name

MPI_Win_allocate - One-sided MPI call that allocates memory and returns a window object for RMA operations.

Syntax

C Syntax


#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Win_allocate (MPI_Aint size, int disp_unit, MPI_Info info,
                      MPI_Comm comm, void *baseptr, MPI_Win *win)

Fortran Syntax


USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE ’mpif.h’
MPI_WIN_ALLOCATE(SIZE, DISP_UNIT, INFO, COMM, BASEPTR, WIN, IERROR)
    INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) SIZE, BASEPTR
    INTEGER DISP_UNIT, INFO, COMM, WIN, IERROR

Fortran 2008 Syntax


USE mpi_f08
MPI_Win_allocate(size, disp_unit, info, comm, baseptr, win, ierror)
    USE, INTRINSIC :: ISO_C_BINDING, ONLY : C_PTR
    INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND), INTENT(IN) :: size
    INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: disp_unit
    TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
    TYPE(C_PTR), INTENT(OUT) :: baseptr
    TYPE(MPI_Win), INTENT(OUT) :: win
    INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

Input Parameters

size
Size of window in bytes (nonnegative integer).
disp_unit
Local unit size for displacements, in bytes (positive integer).
info
Info argument (handle).
comm
Communicator (handle).

Output Parameters

baseptr
Initial address of window.
win
Window object returned by the call (handle).
IERROR
Fortran only: Error status (integer).

Description

MPI_Win_allocate is a collective call executed by all processes in the group of comm. On each process, it allocates memory of at least size bytes, returns a pointer to it, and returns a window object that can be used by all processes in comm to perform RMA operations. The returned memory consists of size bytes local to each process, starting at address baseptr and is associated with the window as if the user called MPI_Win_create on existing memory. The size argument may be different at each process and size = 0 is valid; however, a library might allocate and expose more memory in order to create a fast, globally symmetric allocation. The discussion of and rationales for MPI_Alloc_mem and MPI_Free_mem in MPI-3.1 [char167] 8.2 also apply to MPI_Win_allocate; in particular, see the rationale in MPI-3.1 [char167] 8.2 for an explanation of the type used for baseptr.

The displacement unit argument is provided to facilitate address arithmetic in RMA operations: the target displacement argument of an RMA operation is scaled by the factor disp_unit specified by the target process, at window creation.

For supported info keys see MPI_Win_create.

Notes

Common choices for disp_unit are 1 (no scaling), and (in C syntax) sizeof(type), for a window that consists of an array of elements of type type. The later choice will allow one to use array indices in RMA calls, and have those scaled correctly to byte displacements, even in a heterogeneous environment.

Errors

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See Also

MPI_Alloc_mem MPI_Free_mem MPI_Win_create MPI_Win_allocate_shared


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