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MPI_Comm_split_type(3) man page (version 2.0.0)

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Name

MPI_Comm_split_type - Creates new communicators based on colors and keys.

Syntax

C Syntax


#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Comm_split_type(MPI_Comm comm, int split_type, int key,
    MPI_Info info, MPI_Comm *newcomm)

Fortran Syntax


INCLUDE ’mpif.h’
MPI_COMM_SPLIT_TYPE(COMM, SPLIT_TYPE, KEY, INFO, NEWCOMM, IERROR)
    INTEGER    COMM, SPLIT_TYPE, KEY, INFO, NEWCOMM, IERROR

Input Parameters

comm
Communicator (handle).
split_type
Type of processes to be grouped together (integer).
key
Control of rank assignment (integer).
info
Info argument (handle).

Output Parameters

newcomm
New communicator (handle).
IERROR
Fortran only: Error status (integer).

Description

This function partitions the group associated with comm into disjoint subgroups, based on the type specied by split_type. Each subgroup contains all processes of the same type. Within each subgroup, the processes are ranked in the order defined by the value of the argument key, with ties broken according to their rank in the old group. A new communicator is created for each subgroup and returned in newcomm. This is a collective call; all processes must provide the same split_type, but each process is permitted to provide different values for key. An exception to this rule is that a process may supply the type value MPI_UNDEFINED, in which case newcomm returns MPI_COMM_NULL.

Split Types

MPI_COMM_TYPE_SHARED
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which can create a shared memory region.

OMPI_COMM_TYPE_NODE
Synonym for MPI_COMM_TYPE_SHARED.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_HWTHREAD
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same hardware thread.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_CORE
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same core/processing unit.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_L1CACHE
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same L1 cache.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_L2CACHE
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same L2 cache.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_L3CACHE
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same L3 cache.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_SOCKET
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same socket.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_NUMA
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same NUMA-node.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_BOARD
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same board.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_HOST
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same host.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_CU
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same computational unit.
OMPI_COMM_TYPE_CLUSTER
This type splits the communicator into subcommunicators, each of which belongs to the same cluster.

Notes

The communicator keys denoted with an OMPI_ prefix instead of an MPI_ prefix are specific to Open MPI, and are not part of the MPI standard. Their use should be protected by the OPEN_MPI C preprocessor macro.

Errors

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See Also

MPI_Comm_create
MPI_Intercomm_create
MPI_Comm_dup
MPI_Comm_free

MPI_Comm_split


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