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Subject: Re: [hwloc-devel] hwloc with Xen system support - some initial code
From: Andrew Cooper (andrew.cooper3_at_[hidden])
Date: 2014-01-01 13:55:43

On 01/01/2014 08:25, Brice Goglin wrote:
> Hello,
> Overall, the code looks good to me.
> Maybe the core/socket/node discovery code could be factorized to reduce
> duplication.

I will see what I can do. at the time of writing I was more concerned
with getting it functional.

> There's a little fix attached to improve error management in instantiate().

I considered that, but hwloc_debug() disappears in a non-debug build
from what I can tell, so a regular user would just see that they have
explicitly asked for Xen and it has been skipped over.

What would be useful would be hwloc_warning()/error() which is
independent of --{en,dis}able-debug.

>> First of all, I have hacked at the m4, by copying surrounding code, and
>> it now appears to work sanely for me, including --{en,dis}able-xen
>> configure options. I have no idea whether what I have done is appropriate.
> The attach patch should extend your code to also support building the
> xen component as a plugin so we don't enforce the libxen hard dependency
> inside the main hwloc library.

I was under the impression that the m4 so far would silently drop
support for Xen if the library was no available and the user didn't
explicitly --enable-xen, or have I misunderstood something?

> However, we need to export 2 additional functions (setup_pu_level and
> alloc_obj_cpusets) to plugins first (Xen will be the first plugin-able
> component to do the "core" discovery, that's why these functions were
> not exported earlier). I'll work at this and then we'll remove the
> "HACK" #include from my patch.
>> Xen support itself is only usable if explicitly requested, via the
>> presence of the HWLOC_XEN environment variable. The Xen backend has a
>> higher priority than native, and excludes all other CPU topology
>> gathering modules, as the native OS will see the fake topology, and the
>> x86 module has no idea which pcpus its vcpus are currently executing on,
>> so can't map cpuid results back to reality.
> If that environment variable is the way you want to enable Xen discovery
> in the end, then priority 52 is a good solution. Maybe use 55 instead in
> case we ever have to put something between native and Xen.

It was the easiest way I could find to select between the full system
topology and the dom0 fake topology. I am open to any better suggestions.

I shall bump to 55.

> Regarding component flags, the usual way to exclude ALL other components
> if to put ~0 instead of

I didn't want to exclude PCI devices, as dom0 does have an accurate view
of them. (Only at the moment, cant associate them with numa nodes).

>> As for developing the backend, the documentation was a little lacking.
>> It would have vastly helped had there been a sentence describing how one
>> is expected to build the topology. What I realised, after far too long
>> staring at the spaghetti code in other backends, was that
>> hwloc_insert_object_by_cpuset() appears to be my friend, and
>> subsequently made the process very simple.
> Yes sorry, there are very very few people that develop new backends so
> the documentation doesn't really cover these internal details. The only
> doc about these is basically comments in hwloc/plugins.h
> We should also point to a trivial backend as an example that is easy to
> read (certainly not Linux which is horrible because it can use info from
> sysfs, /proc/cpuinfo, device-tree, etc.).
>> At the moment, topology-xen appears capable of constructing the PUs,
>> cores, sockets and numa nodes. I have a stack of queries and bugfixes
>> against Xen which I shall bring up on xen-devel in due course.
> Crazy question: what if you put hwloc in the hypervisor and just pass
> the XML output from the hypervisor to the guest instead of passing all
> these socket/node/core information? T

Xen, by design, is tiny (170 KLoc in total, including x86_64 and
arm32/arm64) leaving as much work as possible to dom0. Xen has no
device drivers, no AML vm and certainly no xml library. Most of its API
(of which this socket/node/core information is a typical example) are
designed for consumption by guest kernels as much as guest userspace.

So sadly, the idea is quite crazy, and would certainly be a no-go as far
as suggesting it on xen-devel goes.

>> Chief
>> among them is that there the way Xen currently signals an offline PU's
>> is to trash its location information in the system topology. This means
>> that I can identify a specific PU as being offline, but can only infer
>> its position in the topology as I happen to know Xen writes the records
>> sequentially.
> I think this goes in the "complete_cpuset". See below.
>> You might notice that the xml is a little thin on details. One problem
>> I have is how to integrate things like the DMI information? I know for
>> certain that the linux component will get the correct DMI information
>> (as dom0 gets the real SMBios tables), but it is not in an easy form to
>> consume from outside the linux module. Then comes the question of how
>> to use the *BSD DMI information on BSD systems which can use the xen
>> component as-is? One idea would be to have a "native dmi information"
>> function pointer which can be optionally implemented, but that would be
>> somewhat of an architecture overhaul.
> DMI info isn't widely used anyway. Some people may use them to define
> some quirks for some machines but I don't think it's critical to have it
> in Xen too.
>> Also I suspect it would require
>> access to the native components private data which doesn't appears to
>> exist for the duration of Xen's topology gathering.
> It exists. All backends are instantiated at once, then all the discovery
> callbacks are called, then all backends info is destroyed. You're not
> really supposed to access other backend private data, but we already had
> to do it in the linuxpci component anyway. So we had to define a proper
> solution if we go there.
>> One thing I noticed was about allowed_{cpu,node}set. From what I can
>> gather, this is to do with process binding, which is meaningless in the
>> context of the Xen system topology. What is the approved way of setting
>> these all to 0?
> This is related to PUs/nodes that are restricted by Linux control groups.
> If you just ignore these allowed fields, they should be set to equal to
> the main cpuset/nodeset.
>> A problem I encountered was the difference between cpuset, online_cpuset
>> and complete_cpuset. I can see that online_cpuset is likely to be
>> subset of the others, but I cant find a definitive difference between
>> the cpuset and complete_cpuset. Can anyone enlighten me?
> These fields are also explained in hwloc.h.
> cpuset => contains PU that exist, we know where they are, they are
> online, they are allowed (allowed with respect of cgroups on Linux)
> online => exist, we know where they are, they are online, they may be
> allowed => exist, we know where they are, may be OFFLINE
> complete => exist, may be DISALLOWED/OFFLINE, we don't know where all of
> them are

So they are - I clearly missed them when reading the doxygen docs.

>> What is the canonical way of stating that a certain PU is offline? Xen
>> doesn't really do offline cpus of its own accord at the moment but does
>> have a hypercalls to explicitly online and offline cpus. In the case
>> that one is offline, I suspect my current code will cause the PU to fall
>> out of the rest of the topology, rather than stay within it and marked
>> differently.
> What we do in topology-linux.c is we clear the corresponding bit from
> the top-level online_cpuset hwloc_get_root_obj(topology)->cpuset
> Then the core will propagate that everywhere at the end of the discovery.

Does that mean that hwloc_insert_object_by_cpuset() will work correctly
inserting an object with a bit set in cpuset which is clear in the root
online_cpuset, or will I have to explicitly construct each
sock/node/core object with correct cpuset and online_cpuset information?

> Thanks for all your work and happy new year !
> Brice

Thanks for all the help, and a happy new year to you too. I shall try
some more playing around, especially when trying to get offline cpus
working correctly.