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Subject: Re: [OMPI users] Hybrid OpenMPI / OpenMP run pins OpenMP threads to a single core
From: David Akin (nospamou_at_[hidden])
Date: 2010-07-29 10:29:23


Adding -bysocket -bind-to-socket worked! Now to figure out why that
is? I also assumed it was my code. You can try my simple example code
below.

On Thu, Jul 29, 2010 at 8:49 AM, Ralph Castain <rhc_at_[hidden]> wrote:
>
> On Jul 29, 2010, at 5:09 AM, Terry Dontje wrote:
>
> Ralph Castain wrote:
>
> How are you running it when the threads are all on one core?
>
> If you are specifying --bind-to-core, then of course all the threads will be
> on one core since we bind the process (not the thread). If you are
> specifying -mca mpi_paffinity_alone 1, then the same behavior results.
>
> Generally, if you want to bind threads, the only way to do it is with a rank
> file. We -might- figure out a way to provide an interface for thread-level
> binding, but I'm not sure about that right now. As things stand, OMPI has no
> visibility into the fact that your app spawned threads.
>
>
>
>
> Huh???  That's not completely correct.  If you have a multiple socket
> machine you could to -bind-to-socket -bysocket and spread the processes that
> way.  Also couldn't you use the -cpus-per-proc with -bind-to-core to get a
> process to bind to a non-socket amount of cpus?
>
> Yes, you could do bind-to-socket, though that still constrains the threads
> to only that one socket. What was asked about here was the ability to
> bind-to-core at the thread level, and that is something OMPI doesn't
> support.
>
>
> This is all documented in the mpirun manpage.
>
> That being said, I also am confused, like Ralph, as to why no options is
> causing your code bind.  Maybe add a --report-bindings to your mpirun line
> to see what OMPI thinks it is doing in this regard?
>
> This is a good suggestion - I'm beginning to believe that the binding is
> happening in the user's app and not OMPI.
>
>
> --td
>
> --td
>
> On Jul 28, 2010, at 5:47 PM, David Akin wrote:
>
>
>
> All,
> I'm trying to get the OpenMP portion of the code below to run
> multicore on a couple of 8 core nodes.
>
> Good news: multiple threads are being spawned on each node in the run.
> Bad news: each of the threads only runs on a single core, leaving 7
> cores basically idle.
> Sorta good news: if I provide a rank file I get the threads running on
> different cores within each node (PITA.
>
> Here's the first lines of output.
>
> /usr/mpi/gcc/openmpi-1.4-qlc/bin/mpirun -host c005,c006 -np 2 -rf
> rank.file -x OMP_NUM_THREADS=4 hybrid4.gcc
>
> Hello from thread 2 out of 4 from process 1 out of 2 on c006.local
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=2
> Hello from thread 3 out of 4 from process 1 out of 2 on c006.local
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=3
> Hello from thread 1 out of 4 from process 1 out of 2 on c006.local
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=1
> Hello from thread 1 out of 4 from process 0 out of 2 on c005.local
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=1
> Hello from thread 3 out of 4 from process 0 out of 2 on c005.local
> Hello from thread 2 out of 4 from process 0 out of 2 on c005.local
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=3
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=2
> Hello from thread 0 out of 4 from process 0 out of 2 on c005.local
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=0
> Hello from thread 0 out of 4 from process 1 out of 2 on c006.local
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=0
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=3
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=2
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=0
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=3
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=3
> another parallel region: name:c005.local MPI_RANK_ID=0 OMP_THREAD_ID=2
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=0
> another parallel region: name:c006.local MPI_RANK_ID=1 OMP_THREAD_ID=1
> .
> .
> .
>
> Here's the simple code:
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include "mpi.h"
> #include <omp.h>
>
> int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
> int numprocs, rank, namelen;
> char processor_name[MPI_MAX_PROCESSOR_NAME];
> int iam = 0, np = 1;
> char name[MPI_MAX_PROCESSOR_NAME]; /* MPI_MAX_PROCESSOR_NAME ==
> 128 */
> int O_ID; /* OpenMP thread ID
> */
> int M_ID; /* MPI rank ID
> */
> int rtn_val;
>
> MPI_Init(&argc, &argv);
> MPI_Comm_size(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &numprocs);
> MPI_Comm_rank(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &rank);
> MPI_Get_processor_name(processor_name, &namelen);
>
> #pragma omp parallel default(shared) private(iam, np,O_ID)
> {
> np = omp_get_num_threads();
> iam = omp_get_thread_num();
> printf("Hello from thread %d out of %d from process %d out of %d on
> %s\n",
> iam, np, rank, numprocs, processor_name);
> int i=0;
> int j=0;
> double counter=0;
> for(i =0;i<99999999;i++)
> {
> O_ID = omp_get_thread_num(); /* get OpenMP
> thread ID */
> MPI_Get_processor_name(name,&namelen);
> rtn_val = MPI_Comm_rank(MPI_COMM_WORLD,&M_ID);
> printf("another parallel region: name:%s
> MPI_RANK_ID=%d OMP_THREAD_ID=%d\n", name,M_ID,O_ID);
> for(j = 0;j<999999999;j++)
> {
> counter=counter+i;
> }
> }
>
> }
>
> MPI_Finalize();
>
> }
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> --
> <Mail Attachment.gif>
> Terry D. Dontje | Principal Software Engineer
> Developer Tools Engineering | +1.650.633.7054
> Oracle - Performance Technologies
> 95 Network Drive, Burlington, MA 01803
> Email terry.dontje_at_[hidden]
>
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