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Subject: Re: [OMPI users] Similar question about MPI_Create_type
From: Jed Brown (jed_at_[hidden])
Date: 2010-02-08 14:57:08


On Mon, 08 Feb 2010 14:42:15 -0500, Prentice Bisbal <prentice_at_[hidden]> wrote:
> I'll give that a try, too. IMHO, MPI_Pack/Unpack looks easier and less
> error prone, but Pacheco advocates using derived types over
> MPI_Pack/Unpack.

I would recommend using derived types for big structures, or perhaps for
long-lived medium-sized structures. If your structure is static
(i.e. doesn't contain pointers), then derived types definitely make
sense and allow you to use that type in collectives.

> In my situation, rank 0 is reading in a file containing all the coords.
> So even if other ranks don't have the data, I still need to create the
> structure on all the nodes, even if I don't populate it with data?

You're populating it by receiving data. MPI can't allocate the space
for you, so you have to it up.

> To clarify: I thought adding a similar structure, b_point in rank 1
> would be adequate to receive the data from rank 0

You have allocated memory by the time you call MPI_Recv, but you were
passing an undefined value to MPI_Address, and you certainly can't base
derived_type an a_point and use it to receive into b_point.

It would be fine to receive into a_point on rank 1, but whatever you do,
derived_type has to be created correctly on each process.

Jed