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Subject: Re: [OMPI devel] MPI_Reduce Hangs in my Application
From: Santhosh Kokala (Santhosh.Kokala_at_[hidden])
Date: 2012-10-10 12:54:27


George,
I am using each host with 4 interfaces including loopback interface. Can you please let me know more about your environment?

eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr bc:30:5b:db:ae:6f
          inet addr:xxx.xxx.xxx.134 Bcast:xxx.xxx.xxx.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::be30:5bff:fedb:ae6f/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
          RX packets:1375598 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:709644 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:1431654357 (1.4 GB) TX bytes:69604165 (69.6 MB)
          Interrupt:17

lo Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1
          RX packets:944 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:944 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:264692 (264.6 KB) TX bytes:264692 (264.6 KB)

vmnet1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:c0:00:01
          inet addr: xxx.xxx.xxx.1 Bcast: xxx.xxx.xxx.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::250:56ff:fec0:1/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:245 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

vmnet8 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:c0:00:08
          inet addr: xxx.xxx.xxx..1 Bcast: xxx.xxx.xxx..255 Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::250:56ff:fec0:8/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
          RX packets:58357 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:238 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B) TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

From: devel-bounces_at_[hidden] [mailto:devel-bounces_at_[hidden]] On Behalf Of George Bosilca
Sent: Wednesday, October 10, 2012 4:41 AM
To: Open MPI Developers
Subject: Re: [OMPI devel] MPI_Reduce Hangs in my Application

Your code works for me on two platforms. Thus, I guess the problem is with the communication layer (BTL) is Open MPI. What network do you use? If Ethernet how many interfaces?

  Thanks,
    george.

On Oct 10, 2012, at 09:30 , Santhosh Kokala <Santhosh.Kokala_at_[hidden]<mailto:Santhosh.Kokala_at_[hidden]>> wrote:

I have a problem with my MPI code, it hangs when the code is run on multiple nodes. It successfullycompletes when run on a single node. I am not sure how to debug this. Can someone help me debug this issue?
Program Usage:
mpicc -o string string.cpp
mpirun -np 4 -npernode 2 -hostfile hosts ./string 12 0.1 0.9 10 2

MPI_Reduce Hangs in 2nd iteration: (Output cout statements from my program)

1st Iteration (Timestep 1)
-----------------------------------------------------
0 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()
0 Done Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

1 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()
1 Done Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

2 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()
2 Done Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

3 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()
3 Done Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

0 Sending to right task = 1
0 Receiving from right task = 1

1 Receiving from left task = 0
1 Sending to left task = 0

1 Sending to right task = 2
1 Receiving from right task = 2

2 Receiving from left task = 1
2 Sending to left task = 1

2 Sending to right task = 3
2 Receiving from right task = 3

3 Receiving from left task = 2
3 Sending to left task = 2

2nd Iteration (Timestep 2)
-----------------------------------------------------
0 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

1 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()
1 Done Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

2 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

3 Waiting for MPI_Reduce()

My Code:

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "mpi.h"

#define MASTER 0
int RtoL = 10;
int LtoR = 20;

int main ( int argc, char **argv )
{
    int nprocs, taskid;
    FILE *f = NULL;
    int left, right, i_start, i_end;
    float sum = 0;
    MPI_Status status;
    float *y, *yold;
    float *v, *vold;

    // const int NUM_MASSES = 1000;
    // const float Ktension = 0.1;
    // const float Kdamping = 0.9;
    // const float duration = 10.0;

#if 0
    if ( argc != 5 ) {
        std::cout << "usage: " << argv[0] << " NUM_MASSES durationInSecs Ktension Kdamping\n";
        return 2;
    }
#endif

    int NUM_MASSES = atoi ( argv[1] );
    float duration = atof ( argv[2] );
    float Ktension = atof ( argv[3] );
    float Kdamping = atof ( argv[4] );
    const int PICKUP_POS = NUM_MASSES / 7;
    const int OVERSAMPLING = 16;

    MPI_Init(&argc,&argv);
    MPI_Comm_size(MPI_COMM_WORLD,&nprocs);
    MPI_Comm_rank(MPI_COMM_WORLD,&taskid);

    if (taskid == 0) {
        f = fopen ( "rstring.raw", "wb" );
        if (!f) {
            std::cout << "can't open output file\n";
            return 1;
        }
    }

    y = new float[NUM_MASSES];
    yold = new float[NUM_MASSES];
    v = new float[NUM_MASSES];

    for (int i = 0; i < NUM_MASSES; i++ ) {
        v[i] = 0.0f;
        yold[i] = y[i] = 0.0f;
        if (i == NUM_MASSES/2 )
            yold[i] = 1.0;
    }

    if (taskid == 0) {
        left = -1;
        right = 1;
    } else if (taskid == nprocs - 1) {
        left = taskid - 1;
        right = -1;
    } else {
        left = taskid - 1;
        right = taskid + 1;
    }

    i_start = taskid * (NUM_MASSES/nprocs);
    i_end = i_start + (NUM_MASSES/nprocs);

    int numIters = duration * 44100 * OVERSAMPLING;;
    if (argc == 6) {
        numIters = atoi(argv[5]);
    }

    for ( int t = 0; t < numIters; t++ ) {
        float sum = 0;
        float gsum = 0;

        for ( int i = i_start; i < i_end; i++ ) {
            if ( i == 0 || i == NUM_MASSES-1 ) {
            } else {
                float accel = Ktension * (yold[i+1] + yold[i-1] - 2*yold[i]);
                v[i] += accel;
                v[i] *= Kdamping;
                y[i] = yold[i] + v[i];
                sum += y[i];
            }
        }

        std::cout << taskid << " Waiting for MPI_Reduce()" << std::endl;
        MPI_Reduce(&sum, &gsum, 1, MPI_FLOAT, MPI_SUM, MASTER, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
        std::cout << taskid << " Done Waiting for MPI_Reduce()" << std::endl;

        if (taskid != 0) {
            MPI_Recv(&y[i_start-1], 1, MPI_FLOAT, left, LtoR, MPI_COMM_WORLD, &status);
            std::cout << taskid << " Receiving from left task = " << left << std::endl;
            MPI_Send(&y[i_start], 1, MPI_FLOAT, left, RtoL, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
            std::cout << taskid << " Sending to left task = " << left << std::endl;
        }
        if (taskid != nprocs - 1) {
            MPI_Send(&y[i_end-1],1, MPI_FLOAT, right, LtoR, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
            std::cout << taskid <<" Sending to right task = " << right << std::endl;
            MPI_Recv(&y[i_end], 1, MPI_FLOAT, right, RtoL, MPI_COMM_WORLD, &status);
            std::cout << taskid <<" Receiving from right task = " << right << std::endl;
        }

        //printf("After Reduce task = %d yold = %f %f %f %f\n", taskid,yold[0], yold[1], yold[2], yold[3]);
        //printf("After Reduce task = %d y = %f %f %f %f\n", taskid, y[0], y[1], y[2], y[3]);
        //printf("After Reduce task = %d v = %f %f %f %f\n", taskid, v[0], v[1], v[2], v[3]);

        float *tmp = y;
        y = yold;
        yold = tmp;

        if (taskid == 0) {
            //std::cout<< "sum = " << gsum << std::endl;
            if ( t % OVERSAMPLING == 0 ) {
                fwrite ( &gsum, sizeof(float), 1, f );
            }
        }
    }
    if (taskid == 0) {
        fclose ( f );
    }
    MPI_Finalize();
}

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